If all roads in Italy lead to Rome, all hearts to Venice, and all artists to Florence, then all Italian business goes to Milan. This should put the Italian fashion capital‚ÄĒthe country‚Äôs second city in terms of population and numero uno when it comes to wealth‚ÄĒon the itinerary of 20 million travelers in 2015, the year of Expo.
By Claudia Flisi
Photographs by Maurizio Camagna
Two women catch my eye on Via della Spiga, in the heart of Milan‚Äôs most upscale fashion district. Which one embodies this city best? Is it the twenty something signorina on the left wearing a chili-red three-quarter-length fur coat and impossibly high stiletto heels that have no business navigating the cobblestones of this street? Or is it the mink-swathed woman on her right, possibly the girl‚Äôs mother, judging from the way the two are walking arm in arm?
The younger lady may exemplify the essence of trendy, fashion-impassioned Milan, but her elegant companion, more sensibly shoed and toting a leather Trussardi bag, is demographically more representative of this northern Italian city of 1.35 million. The median age here is 45, with septuagenarians outnumbering people in their twenties.
But you wouldn‚Äôt know that walking down Via della Spiga, because so many shoppers on this street and throughout the well-touristed Quadrilatero della Moda district are foreigners. Some are trophy wives from elsewhere in Europe out on shopping sprees with seemingly limitless credit lines. Others are buyers; you see them thick as flies during Fashion Week in the spring and autumn. But these are the colorful exceptions. Milan is more often (and more accurately) described as ‚Äúgray‚ÄĚ by visitors and residents alike‚ÄĒnot only for its architecture and its smog, but also for its gray-haired population, who are reputed to be a little too staid and a little too conservative, at least by the standards of their fellow Italians.
Milan‚Äôs movers and shakers expect to improve that image with Expo Milano 2015, which kicks off in May and runs through October. Milan won the bid to host the next world‚Äôs fair back in 2008, hoping the event would burnish its coveted image of urban dynamism and innovation, serve as a catalyst for infrastructure improvements that needed to be made regardless, and encourage investment. The campaign was spearheaded by Letizia Moratti, Milan‚Äôs first woman mayor; her incumbency alone suggested a change in direction for the city.
Current mayor Giuliano Pisapia cheerleads Expo as a vehicle for propelling Milan (and the country) out of its current economic slump. He cites surveys documenting the optimism of his fellow citizens about the fair, in spite of a series of corruption charges involving Expo managers over the last year.
‚ÄúOptimistic‚ÄĚ isn‚Äôt usually the first word that comes to mind when describing a typical Milanese; ‚Äúfast-moving,‚ÄĚ ‚Äúcompetitive,‚ÄĚ and ‚Äúcynical‚ÄĚ are more frequently heard adjectives. The latter cling to the vestiges of an earlier era of Italian politics: local son Silvio Berlusconi was Italy‚Äôs prime minister three times between 1994 and 2011, making him the country‚Äôs longest-serving postwar leader.
A photographer friend of mine, Matteo, sums up his fellow Milanese this way: ‚ÄúWhen you call someone who is late for an appointment and you say, ‚ÄėWhere the hell are you?‚Äô, the answer is typically, ‚ÄėSono gi√† li [I am already there].‚Äô They may still be on the other side of the city, but they want to give the impression of being on time and efficient. Of course it‚Äôs not true.‚ÄĚ
Six months before Expo‚Äôs opening day, the city was already ‚Äúnot there.‚ÄĚ I have lived in and around Milan on and off for almost 30 years, and when I was walking around in December, the center of town‚ÄĒnot to mention the fairgrounds themselves‚ÄĒlooked like a huge construction site, with skeletal skyscrapers and scaffolding dotting the landscape. Damiano Gull√¨, a spokesman for the Triennale Design Museum, one of the city‚Äôs cultural bellwethers, sees these changes as positive.
‚ÄúThe skyline of Milan has been transformed in recent years,‚ÄĚ he tells me. ‚ÄúYou can see it at Piazza Gae Aulenti [the new regional-government headquarters] and in the Porta Garibaldi area.‚ÄĚ Gull√¨ also says the art scene has improved, citing a spate of new galleries. ‚ÄúExpo is bringing more changes,‚ÄĚ he adds.
Yet Matteo laments the fact that his city is not ‚Äútruly modern and vivacious,‚ÄĚ in spite of the surge in construction and public spending. Recent expenditures on such projects as transportation upgrades and the Piazza Gae Aulenti were long overdue, he says, and many promised improvements‚ÄĒa new metro line, new waterways‚ÄĒhaven‚Äôt happened. What has gotten lost in the building frenzy, he says, is the architectural splendor created between the 1930s and ‚Äô70s. ‚ÄúSome of these are really beautiful buildings, but they aren‚Äôt understood and many have been
ruined by careless restructuring. The city has given the green light to changes that have destroyed the value of the original architecture.‚ÄĚ
He particularly mourns the fate of the Palazzo Mondadori, headquarters for the Mondadori publishing empire. It was designed by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer and is the only example of his work in Italy. ‚ÄúIt is a marvel every time I see it,‚ÄĚ notes Matteo, ‚Äúbut it is ever more choked by ugly buildings, office structures, and roads that make it more and more difficult to admire.‚ÄĚ